Building Parliament: 50 Years Of European Parliament History

Building Parliament: 50 Years Of European Parliament History
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* Introduction
* The Eyropean Parliment Reaffirms Its Legitimacy
* The European Parliament Asserts Its Political Legitimacy
* Direct elections and legitimacy of the European Parliament
* From indirect to direct legitimacy
* 1979 a democratic revolution: first elections to the European Parliament
* Electoral participation
* Nature and relevance of European elections
* Electoral standards and representativeness of the European Parliament
* Minimum threshold: application and percentage
* Number of constituencies
* Fixed party lists and preferential voting
* Composition of groups within the European Parliament
* Increase in the number of MEPs between 1958 and 2009
* Political composition of the European Parliament (1958-2008)
* Political groups in the appointed Parliament
* Groups that emerged following the first direct elections
* Groups that no longer exist
* By its involvement in European representative democracy
* European and national parliaments and the democratic deficit
* The rise to power of the EP
* From 1958 to 1979: asserting control
* From 1979 to 2008: institutionalisation of real parliamentary control
* The gradual mobilisation of national parliaments
* Parliaments with binding powers
* Parliaments without direct coercive measures
* The European Parliament and national parliaments at the service of European democracy
* Bilateral parliamentary cooperation
* Multilateral parliamentary cooperation
* The Convention method
* The European Parliament Establishes Its Legitimacy By Opening Up To Civil Society
* MEPs: from constituencies to Chamber
* First and foremost elected representatives
* Just like any other elected representative?
* Lobbying in the European Parliament
* Access to the European Parliament
* MEPs willing to deal with interest representatives
* The difficulty with regulating lobbying in the EP
* The special role of intergroups
* The European Parliament and citizens
* Citizens’ correspondence
* Examination of petitions
* The European Ombudsman
* Visitors and communication policy
* Public hearings
* The European Parliament opens up to public debate
* Citizens’ forums
* The Citizens’ Agora
* The Battle For The Constitutıoanlisation Of The Union
* Parliament advocate of a European constitution (1979-1990)
* Parliament’s role in preparing a constitution
* Parliament’s reaction to the constitutional deadlock (2005-2008)
* Conclusion to the first part
* Bibliography
* The European Parliament Asserts Its Powers
* The role of parliamentary committees
* The History Of The European Parliament’s Powers
* Budgetary powers
* From conflict to interinstitutional partnership
* The profound changes brought about by the 1970 and 1975 treaties: the use of the margin for interpretation in terms of the classification of expenditure and MRI
* Budgetary peace, the financial perspective and the decisive role of interinstitutional agreements
* The budget as leverage to obtain legislative powers
* Budgetary powers as a ‘driving force’: the institutional dimension
* Distributive victories: the reconciliation of budgetary and political priorities
* The discharge procedure: the budget as a means of political control
* The Treaty of Lisbon and the future of the European Parliament’s budgetary powers
* Legislative powers
* Consultation and ‘right of postponement’
* The ‘right of postponement’
* Optional consultation versus compulsory consultation
* Agenda-setting in the cooperation procedure
* The right of veto in the codecision procedure
* The codecision procedure
* The Council’s ability to confirm its common position
* Did codecision increase the European Parliament’s influence in the legislative procedure?
* The relative influence of the European Parliament and the Council in the context of codecision
* Infrequent use of the right of veto
* Completion phase
* Informal developments
* The assent procedure
* Association agreements
* Accession agreements
* Interinstitutional Relations
* A history of relations between the European Parliament and the Commission
* From 1958 to 1979
* From 1980 to 1995
* From 1995 to the present day
* Enhanced political control of the Santer Commission
* The BSE crisis and its impact on relations between the European Parliament and the Commission
* From financial oversight to the ‘Committee of Wise Men’ and the resignation of the Santer Commission
* The 1998 refusal to give a discharge
* Appointment of the Committee of Wise Men (1999)
* From the resignation of the Santer Commission to the investiture of the Barroso Commissio,
* The lessons drawn from a crisis
* The impact of hearings of candidate Commissioners on the composition of the Commission
* A greater political role
* Future prospects in the context of institutional reform
* Interinstitutional Agreements
* Interinstitutional agreements or arrangements
* Compensating for the shortcomings of the Treaties and facilitating interinstitutional relations
* Preparing the content of future treaties
* Putting an end to conflict between institutions
* Towards budgetary peace
* Clarifying comitology
* Better lawmaking together
* Framework agreements between the European Parliament and the Commission
* Extracting new pledges from the Commission
* Compensating for the shortcomings of the Treaties
* A mutual interest?
* The Prodi Commission
* The Barroso Commission
* Implementation of the ‘better regulation’ agenda
* Finding a balance between representative and participatory democracy
* Participating in ‘better regulation’ measures and monitoring their implementation
* Parliamentary Oversight Of The Executive Activity Of The Comission
* Relations Between The European Parliament And Other Institutions And Bodies Of The European Union
* Relations between the European Parliament and the Council
* Written and oral questions
* The presence of Council representatives in the European Parliament
* Supervision of the common foreign and security policy
* Choosing the High Representative for the common foreign and security policy
* Practical dialogue on a day-to-day basis
* Relations between the European Parliament and other institutions and bodies of the European Union: limited supervision in theory – widespread control in practice
* The European Central Bank and the European Court of Auditors: appointment-based control
* The European Court of Auditors
* The European Central Bank
* European agencies and the European Parliament: lack of cohesion and mistrust
* Appointment-based control
* Information-based control
* Budgetary control
* The European Ombudsman: a special case
* The European Court of Justice: an exception to the rule
* The Infuence Of The European Parliament On The Case Law Of The Court Of Justice
* The case law of the Court of Justice and the powers of the European Parliament
* Legal action by the European Parliament and its influence on the content of Community policy
* The European Parliament and its campaign for citizens’ rights
* The European Parliament Affirms The Values Of The European Union
* Inclusion of the EU’s values in the Treaties
* The European Parliament’s strategy for administering the values of the European Union
* The European Parliament And The Fundamental Rights Of Citizens
* The fight for the Charter and the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights; the European Union accedes to the European Convention on Human Rights
* The long road towards the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union
* Gradual but vital progress
* The active participation of the Parliament in the drafting of the Charter of Fundamental Rights
* Parliament’s fight to incorporate the Charter into the Treaty
* The fight for the accession of the Union to the European Convention on Human Rights
* European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights
* Respect for citizens’ rights
* The European Parliament in favour of a European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights
* The implementation of fundamental rights
* Women’s rights
* Rights of minorities and action for the Roma
* The fight against the rise of fascism, racism, xenophobia and anti-Semitism
* The fight against homophobia
* For an immigration policy that respects human rights
* Right to privacy
* The European Parliament, citizens’ advocate
* Right to information
* Right of petition
* The European Ombudsman
* The European Parliament Democratisation And Human Rights Around The World
* Campaigning against dictatorships
* Former Soviet countries
* Hungary
* East Germany
* Czechoslovakia
* Poland
* Bulgaria
* Romania
* Baltic states
* Human rights and the USSR
* Southern Europe: progress towards democracy
* Spain
* Greece
* Portugal
* Parliamentary diplomacy for human rights
* Instruments used by the European Parliament to ensure respect for human rights
* The assent procedure as a means of protecting human rights
* The human rights clause
* Generalised System of Preferences
* Financial instruments as leverage
* Political dialogue on human rights
* Resolutions and the role of urgent debates
* Great causes
* The fight against the death penalty
* The fight against world hunger
* The fight against impunity
* Humanitarian aid
* Actions in specific regional contexts
* Delegations
* Election observation missions
* Elections in Kosovo
* Elections in Ukraine
* Elections in the Palestinian Territories
* Regional partnerships: ACP, EuroMed, EuroLat
* ACP-EU: from Yaoundé to Cotonou via Lomé
* Euro-Mediterranean Parliamentary Assembly
* Eurolat
* The European Parliament, a sounding board for universal values
* State visits
* Near and Middle East
* Central and eastern European countries
* Iraq
* The Parliament, a place of dialogue
* The Sakharov Prize
* Conclusion
* The European Parliament: a parliament like no other?
* A Parliament in the making
* A third type of parliament?
 
 
 
Künye Bilgileri
 
Building Parliament: 50 Years Of European Parliament History (1958-2008)
Office for Official Publications of the European Communities
Avrupa Birliği Bakanlığı
Türü: Avrupa Birliği, E-kitap oku, E-kitap indir
Yayın Tarihi: 2009
300 Sayfa
ISBN: 9789282323687
 
 
 
Building Parliament: 50 Years Of European Parliament History
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